Title of paper

The Impact of Governance on Food Security: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries using Panel Data Approach

Presenter's country

Ethiopia

Start Date

28-5-2016 10:55 AM

End Date

28-5-2016 12:00 PM

Location

Hall II

Submission type

Presentation

Abstract

This paper looks at the effect of governance on food security in twenty six Sub-Saharan African countries since 1996 to 2011. Based on a cross country panel sample, a fixed-random effect models is employed to test the hypothesis that beyond macroeconomic reforms other exogenous factors could foster food security. This study finds that out of the two governance indicators; control of corruption- has positive 3 and significant effect on food security i.e. a decrease in corruption by 1% enhances food security by 0.0012% at 99 percent level of significance through increasing food supply per capita. However, the second indicator of governance: combined polity score, which measures the level of democratic institutions, is insignificant to affect food security in the sampled countries. Moreover the study also shows that GDP per capita, export and human capital variables have a positive effect on food supply per capita, while inflation is negatively related. This finding seems to agree with many of the studies conducted so far on the effect of governance on food security.

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May 28th, 10:55 AM May 28th, 12:00 PM

The Impact of Governance on Food Security: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries using Panel Data Approach

Hall II

This paper looks at the effect of governance on food security in twenty six Sub-Saharan African countries since 1996 to 2011. Based on a cross country panel sample, a fixed-random effect models is employed to test the hypothesis that beyond macroeconomic reforms other exogenous factors could foster food security. This study finds that out of the two governance indicators; control of corruption- has positive 3 and significant effect on food security i.e. a decrease in corruption by 1% enhances food security by 0.0012% at 99 percent level of significance through increasing food supply per capita. However, the second indicator of governance: combined polity score, which measures the level of democratic institutions, is insignificant to affect food security in the sampled countries. Moreover the study also shows that GDP per capita, export and human capital variables have a positive effect on food supply per capita, while inflation is negatively related. This finding seems to agree with many of the studies conducted so far on the effect of governance on food security.