Date of Award

8-1990

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Dr. Alyce Dickinson

Abstract

This study examined how work productivity was affected by the way in which individual monetary incentives were related to performance. Two types of relationships, or performance-pay functions, were compared: a linear function in which a specific per piece incentive was provided for each piece completed in excess of a performance standard and an exponential function in which the amount of the per piece incentive accelerated as productivity increased. Forty college subjects were randomly assigned to one of the two pay conditions. Each subject participated in 15 forty-five minute sessions. Subjects performed a computerized work task that simulated the job of a proof operator at a bank, entering the amounts of bank checks using a keyboard. The dependent variable was the number of correctly completed checks. Productivity was comparable for subjects exposed to the linear and exponential performance-pay functions, even though subjects exposed to the exponential function earned significantly more money than the subjects exposed to the linear function. The results suggested that, within certain parameters that have yet to be determined, differences in the way in which monetary incentives are related to performance may not differentially affect performance.

Access Setting

Dissertation-Open Access

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