Title

Visiones Convergentes: Mito, Historia Y Arquetipo En La Dramaturgia De Lourdes Ortiz, Sabina Berman Y Diana Raznovich

Date of Award

4-2008

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Spanish

First Advisor

Dr. Irma Lopez

Second Advisor

Dr. Carolyn Harris

Third Advisor

Dr. Gary Bigelow

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Jorge Febles

Abstract

This dissertation focuses on the different approaches to cultural and societal notions of gender presented in the plays of Spanish author Lourdes Ortiz, Mexican writer Sabina Berman and Argentinean Diana Raznovich. My analysis of each playwright draws on theories of gender and performance such as those presented by Judith Butler, Julia Kristeva, Majorie Garber, Elin Diamon, as well as theater studies of Bertolt Brecht, Martin Esslin and Richard Hornby among others.

The body of my dissertation consists of an introduction and three chapters. Chapter I introduces the playwrights, as well as the main lines of analysis I follow with each play. Chapter II analyses Fedra y Electra-Babel investigating how Lourdes Ortiz rewrites mythical discourse and opens new possibilities for change in gender roles in Western society. She carries out her tasks by means of recurrent intertextuality and juxtaposing the time of classical myth and the present. Chapter III discusses Berman's Águila o sol, Entre Villa y una mujer desnuda y Feliz Nuevo siglo Doctor Freud. These works reveal official historical discourse as a means of subordination and marginalization of women. This playwright uses an historiographical approach that is intended to revise the official historical discourse. Chapter IV deals with El Desconcierto, Casa Matriz y De atrás para adelante by Diana Raznovich. In these works the author denunciates sexually biased discourse that focuses on the feminine body and portrays gender and sex as a set of behaviors learned and repeated through the centuries, and sanctioned by social pressure. Chapter V concludes the analyses by contrasting the works of these authors who aim to destabilize gendered roles and promote identities and behaviors more in line with the realities of our day. Thus, in spite of the different surroundings of these works, they all reach similar conclusions as to the need to widen our vision of gender and sexual behavior in order to adjust to the new global time in which we are immersed today.

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