Title

The Relationship Between Personality Type and Burnout in Michigan Community College Counselors

Date of Award

12-1989

Degree Name

Doctor of Education

Department

Counselor Education and Counseling Psychology

First Advisor

Dr. Thelma Urbick

Second Advisor

Dr. Robert Betz

Third Advisor

Dr. Chris Koronakas

Abstract

Researchers investigating the relationship between personality variables and burnout have discovered possible indices of burnout. By further classifying the relationship between personality type and burnout, an implementation of specific programs may be designed to aid counselors survive the stress which is endemic to their career field. A secondary purpose of the investigation was to assess the relationship between selected demographic variables and burnout. The identification of such relationships as described above could provide information useful to community college counselors in pinpointing the sources(s) of the problem and taking timely preventative action.

Michigan community college counselors were the chosen subjects. Subjects responded to three self-report instruments in the form of one questionnaire: the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), and the Personal Demographic Questionnaire (PDQ). Completed questionnaires were returned by 53% of the 223 subjects sampled (N = 118).

The t test and chi square were utilized to determine demographic differences. Pearson product-moment correlations were calculated to assess the relationship between burnout and the selected demographic variables as well as burnout and personality preference. Eight hypotheses were tested using Pearson product-moment correlations with p $<$.05 level of significance. A ninth hypothesis investigating the relationship between burnout and personality type was examined but only observations were made based upon a distribution over the 16 personality types too small to yield reliable statistical analysis.

Significant correlations were found between two scales on the MBI and four personality preferences. In addition, significant correlations were discovered between two of the MBI scales and three demographic variables.

It was concluded that there is a statistically significant, but limited, relationship between burnout and personality preference and type, and secondly, that there is a statistically significant, but again limited, relationship between burnout and certain demographic variables.

Results obtained did clarify, to a limited degree, the relationship between burnout, personality preference and type, and selected demographic variables. Recommendations were suggested for additional studies.

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