Date of Defense
Family and Consumer Sciences
Kathy Wilson, Family and Consumer Sciences
Arezoo Rojhani, Family and Consumer Sciences
Denise Detamasso, Family and Consumer Sciences
Proper health maintenance during pregnancy is crucial to the mother, and absolutely necessary for the fetus. Because of this vulnerable state of being, any interference may be detrimental to the health of both. One of the most harmful yet common habits that could adversely affect the mother and fetus is smoking. Not only can the carcinogens from cigarettes be transferred from the mother through the bloodstream, it is now known that they can also be transmitted via breast milk, causing an array of physiological and psychological complications.
Martinez, Natalie, "In Utero and Postpartum Effects of Smoking: A Closer Look at How Smoking Affects Breast Milk and the Nutritional Status of Mothers and Newborns" (2000). Honors Theses. 594.
Honors Thesis-Campus Only