The purpose of this paper is to define the impact of agriculture on African Civilization in the 21st century. The methodology is based on an interdisciplinary big-picture view of the African Civilizations. The multifaceted layers of civilizations will be analyzed as interdependent with the agricultural development of African societies. Among the findings are: Sub-Saharan Africa falls short of meeting its agricultural needs. Only one of two individual Africans has access to clean and enough water. Energy and supply of electricity are woefully inadequate and unreliable. Agriculture as a foundation for development and modernization for Africa is too limited. Environmental degradation and poor methods of farming make it difficult for African societies to reduce poverty and maintain sustainable environment. Practical implication: In order to develop agriculture as an economic engine, it is critical for African societies to establish and adopt Integrated Infrastructure of Agriculture (IIA). Such a developmental scheme would focus on small-hold farms. This would be made interdependent to a broader scope of developmental task under requisite institutes to be known as the Institute for Agricultural Development (AIAD) and African Food and Agriculture Organization (AFAO). Social implication: Addressing the productive capacity for small farmers and setting in place progressive plans the implementation of modernized agricultural production, processing, and distribution are expressions of a recovering civilization. Originality: The evolution of agriculture in African Civilization will be analyzed from the particular small scale farm to the broad big picture of industrial method of farming and producing in the 21st century.
Targowski, Andrew S.
"The Impact of Agriculture on African Civilization in the 21st Century,"
International Journal of African Development: Vol. 2
, Article 4.
Available at: http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/ijad/vol2/iss1/4