Empowerment of oppressed clients requires of social workers to act as advocates and to assist clients in changing the dynamics which contribute to self-oppression or the oppression of others. The paper explores a five-stage process wherein oppressed individuals contribute to the social order that devalues them and, in the process, also participate in the oppression of others. The practice implications of a structural approach to social work committed to client empowerment in each of these stages are described.
"Empowerment through Advocacy and Consciousness-Raising: Implications of a Structural Approach to Social Work,"
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare: Vol. 17
, Article 6.
Available at: http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/jssw/vol17/iss2/6