Subsequent to the passage of the Community Mental Health Act in 1963, the "Total Institutions" described by Goffman have for the most part disappeared. Nonetheless, many writers charge that social control is still the primary function of mental health programs, even those that are identified as community-based. The new methods of control have not received widespread attention. In community-based programs control is operationalized in the form of "symbolic violence." This paper examines the various factors that contribute to this style of violence.
Murphy, John W.; Pardeck, John T.; Chung, Woo Sik; and Choi, Jung Min
"Symbolic Violence and Social Control in the Post-Total Institution Era,"
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare: Vol. 21
, Article 8.
Available at: http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/jssw/vol21/iss4/8