Current social policy that affects welfare recipients focuses on the concept of "self-sufficiency" where leaving welfare for work is the goal. While this approach has reduced welfare rolls, it has not necessarily helped low-income people improve their economic, educational, or social outlook. This paper suggests that the concept of Personal and Family Sustainability (PFS) may be a better way to evaluate and direct social policy. A definition of PFS is developed from the environmental and community development roots of sustainability and four domains for creating PFS indicators are introduced.
Hawkins, Robert Leibson
"From Self-Sufficiency to Personal and Family Sustainability: A New Paradigm for Social Policy,"
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare: Vol. 32
, Article 6.
Available at: http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/jssw/vol32/iss4/6