This study presents an analysis of the empirical literature on behavior modification in the classroom. Data were drawn from all relevant articles published in four behavior modification journals from 1963 through 1976. An assessment of the intervention techniques employed and the behavioral objectives sought in this literature suggests that traditional intervention techniques are still primarily directed towards control rather than educational goals. Newer, more innovative techniques, however, are more likely to be directed towards academic achievement.
Epstein and Hench, Christine
"Behavior Modification in the Classroom: Education or Social Control?,"
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare: Vol. 6
, Article 3.
Available at: http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/jssw/vol6/iss5/3