Date of Award

8-1990

Degree Name

Master of Arts

Department

Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (to 2011)

First Advisor

Dr. Mary Dawson

Second Advisor

Dr. Roger Zabik

Third Advisor

Dr. Robert Moss

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access

Abstract

This study described specific kinematic parameters associated with success on the international level in alpine slalom ski racing. Sixteen male athletes representing twelve countries comprised the subject pool. Subject selection was based on finish position in the men's special slalom at the 1989 World Alpine Ski Championships in Vail, Colorado. Cinematographical records were analyzed by a method known as direct linear transformation.

The findings of the study indicated that: (a) hip and knee joint angles of the turning leg must approximate 1.80 to 1.83 radians and 1.82 to 2.21 radians, respectively, for efficiency in this turn; (b) a decrease in right knee angular velocity and a consistent right hip angular velocity tend to be associated with higher right boot toe velocities; and (c) right boot toe distance from the base of the slalom pole correlated well with velocity. Although variable relationships exist, none of the dependent variables tested could be classified as more significant than the others regarding the proper execution of an alpine slalom turn.

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