Date of Award

8-1982

Degree Name

Specialist in Education

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Dr. Galen Alessi

Second Advisor

Dr. R. Wayne Fuqua

Third Advisor

Dr. Paul Mountjoy

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access

Abstract

This study compared three Direct Instruction procedures for teaching the labeling of food in terms of the five basic food groups (fruits, vegetables, meats, grains, and dairy products). Eighteen preschoolers served as subjects. They were randomly assigned to three experimental groups and a control group. The experimental group was assigned to one of the following instructional procedures: (1) Generative I, (2) Generative II, (3) Generative III. The sets of exercises in the procedures were taught as one track in a Direct Instruction program designed to teach nutrition knowledge. All other exercises in the program were identical for the three experimental groups. The results indicated that all three procedures taught the subjects to accurately label the food groups introduced. However, the Generative III procedure taught the labeling responses in a shorter period of time. The control group showed no gains. The results suggest that generative procedures may be useful in teaching large noun classes containing members sharing few visual features.

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Psychology Commons

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