Date of Award

12-2011

Degree Name

Master of Music

Department

Music

First Advisor

Brian Wilson

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Campus Only

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of music on the working memory of children diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). The following research questions were addressed: (1) Will music increase working memory and if so (2) Is there any difference between using a familiar versus an unfamiliar melody? FASD refers to a pattern ofphysical, behavioral and cognitive defects that are caused by prenatal exposure.

For this study the PEERAMID 2 digit span subtest will be used to determine if music provides a higher recall of the digits presented. Seven participants were given each of the following conditions: (a) Speech only, (b) familiar melody, and (c) unfamiliar melody. The order of the conditions was randomly assigned. The results of this study do not support the use of music to increase working memory. Suggestions for future research in this area is provided.

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