Date of Award

6-1992

Degree Name

Master of Music

Department

Music

First Advisor

Dr. Brian Wilson

Second Advisor

Dr. Mary Scovel

Third Advisor

Dr. Wayne Fuqua

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of music listening and progressive muscle relaxation on the anxiety level of adjudicated adolescent males. Sixty-five delinquent, adolescent males in a residential treatment facility took part in either a music listening treatment, a progressive muscle relaxation treatment (Bernstein & Borkovec, 1973), or a combination of both methods, and the effects of each approach on the self-perceived anxiety level of the subjects were determined.

The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger, 1983) and a Subjective Units of Discomfort Scale were used to measure levels of anxiety. Data gathered from these instruments revealed that adolescents who received the music listening treatment or the progressive muscle relaxation treatment alone had significant reductions in state anxiety. However, when both methods were combined, significant reductions in state anxiety failed to occur consistently indicating that this combined treatment method for anxiety reduction may be less effective.

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