Session Title

Obscured by the Alps: Medieval Italian Architecture and the European Canon

Sponsoring Organization(s)

Italian Art Society

Organizer Name

Erik Gustafson

Organizer Affiliation

George Mason Univ.

Presider Name

Erik Gustafson

Paper Title 1

The Church of San Lorenzo in Verona: A "Hapax" in the Romanesque Architectural Context in Europe

Presenter 1 Name

Angelo Passuello

Presenter 1 Affiliation

Univ. Ca' Foscari Venezia

Paper Title 2

Italian Octagonal Piers and Late Medieval Anti-Classical Modernism

Presenter 2 Name

Evan W. Grey

Presenter 2 Affiliation

Institute of Fine Arts, New York Univ.

Paper Title 3

Enlightened by the Alps: Reconsidering the Role of Northern Tradition on Frederick II's Architecture in Southern Italy

Presenter 3 Name

Francesco Gangemi

Presenter 3 Affiliation

Bibliotheca Hertziana

Paper Title 4

Beyond the Gilded Frame: Connectivity of Sacred Space in Medieval Rome

Presenter 4 Name

Catherine R. Carver

Presenter 4 Affiliation

Univ. of Michigan-Ann Arbor

Start Date

13-5-2017 3:30 PM

Session Location

Schneider 1280

Description

The traditional canon of European architecture has been well established through both formal-stylistic aesthetics and periodized criteria, rooted ultimately in Hegelian notions of the underlying spirit of an age and Modern nationalist identities. Viewed from northern Europe, the canon’s trajectory moves fluidly from the halcyon days of Greece and Rome to the stunted but ambitious Early Christian and Byzantine era, developing into the solidly reliable Romanesque until the revolution of the transcendent Gothic is decapitated by the Renaissance counter-revolution and its florescent Baroque iteration, to be overshadowed by the enlightened and reasoned Neoclassical age, leading to search for identity of the 19th century Historicist styles and the return to the classically pure clarity of Modernism. The contributions of the Italian peninsula are periodic, and are generally defined within the canon by returns to classicism. In recent decades, architectural historians have begun to challenge the Italian canon, expanding its geographic scope from the old Rome-Florence-Venice vector while also undermining chronological waypoints such as the Medieval-Renaissance divide. The canon, however, remains infrangible, still underwritten by the formalist priorities established at its inception.

This session seeks to examine the utility of the European canon in assessing the historical significance of Italian medieval architecture. Is there more to Italian architectural history than recurrent bouts of classicism? How can Italian architecture be understood positively within the European context, rather than in opposition or subjection to the canonical narratives? Possible avenues of inquiry might include exploring the historiographical lacunae of the canon, considering alternative criteria for structuring new canonical narratives, examining socio-cultural phenomena otherwise elided by the canon, or investigating other historically contingent trends which reflect different scholarly treatments of Italy and the north. Medieval architectural history has been “rethought” several times in the past decade, bringing “new approaches” to old questions. Shifting the discussion, this session seeks papers that ask broad new questions about medieval architecture’s place in the history of European culture, grounding such investigations in local Italian contexts. While Italian medieval architecture has long been obscured by the Alps, this session seeks to begin new conversations inspired by Italian challenges to canonical understanding in this period.

Erik Gustafson

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May 13th, 3:30 PM

Obscured by the Alps: Medieval Italian Architecture and the European Canon

Schneider 1280

The traditional canon of European architecture has been well established through both formal-stylistic aesthetics and periodized criteria, rooted ultimately in Hegelian notions of the underlying spirit of an age and Modern nationalist identities. Viewed from northern Europe, the canon’s trajectory moves fluidly from the halcyon days of Greece and Rome to the stunted but ambitious Early Christian and Byzantine era, developing into the solidly reliable Romanesque until the revolution of the transcendent Gothic is decapitated by the Renaissance counter-revolution and its florescent Baroque iteration, to be overshadowed by the enlightened and reasoned Neoclassical age, leading to search for identity of the 19th century Historicist styles and the return to the classically pure clarity of Modernism. The contributions of the Italian peninsula are periodic, and are generally defined within the canon by returns to classicism. In recent decades, architectural historians have begun to challenge the Italian canon, expanding its geographic scope from the old Rome-Florence-Venice vector while also undermining chronological waypoints such as the Medieval-Renaissance divide. The canon, however, remains infrangible, still underwritten by the formalist priorities established at its inception.

This session seeks to examine the utility of the European canon in assessing the historical significance of Italian medieval architecture. Is there more to Italian architectural history than recurrent bouts of classicism? How can Italian architecture be understood positively within the European context, rather than in opposition or subjection to the canonical narratives? Possible avenues of inquiry might include exploring the historiographical lacunae of the canon, considering alternative criteria for structuring new canonical narratives, examining socio-cultural phenomena otherwise elided by the canon, or investigating other historically contingent trends which reflect different scholarly treatments of Italy and the north. Medieval architectural history has been “rethought” several times in the past decade, bringing “new approaches” to old questions. Shifting the discussion, this session seeks papers that ask broad new questions about medieval architecture’s place in the history of European culture, grounding such investigations in local Italian contexts. While Italian medieval architecture has long been obscured by the Alps, this session seeks to begin new conversations inspired by Italian challenges to canonical understanding in this period.

Erik Gustafson