The major purpose of summer Upward Bound instructional programs is to assist those high school students who have the potential for succeeding in a college or university, but who otherwise would probably not be given the opportunity to enter an institution of higher learning. The generally low academic achievement of many of these students is often due to a variety of factors including poor and ineffective teaching (1), lack of motivation (8), and an environment which is far from conducive to scholarly or academic pursuits. In sum, typical school activities tend to be less than relevant for many of these bright young men and women. The Upward Bound programs are usually designed to aid participating students in overcoming their adverse reactions to learning so that they will be better prepared to further their education.
Lloyd, B. A., Griewank, D., & Carter, H. (1970). Reading and Upward Bound-Another Look. Reading Horizons, 10 (4). Retrieved from http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol10/iss4/3