Psycholinguistic research has recently characterized reading as a communicative process whereby the reader predicts the thoughts of an author by sampling as little of the visual display (print) as possible (Goodman, 1967). How is it possible for a reader to predict an author's thoughts accurately without processing every segment of print? In addition to minimal visual cues, readers utilize both their oral language abilities and past experiences to predict an author's intentions - assuming they share common language patterns and experiences.
Tovey, D. R. (1980). Nonvisual Aspects of Reading. Reading Horizons, 20 (2). Retrieved from http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol20/iss2/9