Earlier in this century John Dewey proposed a view of the child as an active learner involved with meaningful content; he regarded the reading instruction of his day as being passive and mechanical. In 1908 Huey, a student of John Dewey's, wrote about the natural literacy environments of the preschool child at home and contrasted that to the unnatural way in which reading was taught in the school.
Lehr, S. (1990). Creating Classroom Contexts for Readers: Linking Children With Books. Reading Horizons, 30 (3). Retrieved from http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol30/iss3/3