Supplementary programs in basic skills, currently the Educational Consolidation Improvement Act - Chapter 1 - have been offered for over 25 years. Chapter 1 programs are typically in reading and math with the majority focusing on reading. School qualification for receiving federal Chapter 1 funds is based on whether or not the school serves low-income families; however, student eligibility to participate in a given school's program is based upon student level of achievement.
Thistlethwaite, L., & Mason, M. (1993). Chapter One Reading Programs: Do Student/Family Factors Make A Difference?. Reading Horizons, 33 (3). Retrieved from http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol33/iss3/7