The work of an effective school principal is reflected in a variety of ways throughout the school. One area in which the principal's influence is most clearly evident is literacy instruction. Studies conducted over the years provide support for this idea. In an investigation of the role of the school principal in reading instruction, Cox (1978) concluded that the leadership of the principal is vitally important in the development of an effective reading program. Chance (1991) also recognized the importance of principals as instructional leaders as she investigated principals' own views of their involvement in the school reading program. In a summary statement, she maintained that the "principal's well planned, competent involvement in the instructional program" is essential for program improvement at any level (p. 33).
Lickteig, M. J., Parnell, M. K., & Ellis, S. D. (1995). Ways Elementary Administrators Support Literacy Education. Reading Horizons, 35 (4). Retrieved from http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol35/iss4/3