A barrier to school literacy is created when teachers fail to build upon the familiar language of students. These research findings indicate that when students perceive that nonstandard ways of talking are not as highly valued by the school as Standard English is valued, they deliberately fail to produce written products that match their teacher's expectations.
Powers, S. W. (2002). "Real Ways of Talking" and School Talking: One Appalachian Student's Perception of Teacher Discourse During Writing Conferences. Reading Horizons, 43 (2). Retrieved from http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol43/iss2/1