Archaeological Report Number
In 1977, as in the previous year, Cremin's Kalamazoo Basin Survey was integrated with the annual field school, but with the addition of grant support for survey from the Michigan History Division. The availability of external funding, together with our desire to implement more rigorous survey procedures, resulted in much better coverage during this season than had been realized in 1976.
The area investigated in 1977 is located 9 km upstream from the 1976 transect and included an area of 93 km 2 , or the equivalent of one township (Figure 1). This transect was stratified according to the distribution of soils plotted on a recent map of the basin prepared by the USDA-Soil Conservation Service (1974; Figure 2) and, secondarily, by rank ordering of streams. Following Lovis (1976), the quarter-section was established as the sampling unit and a 40% simple random sample of . 2 all units occurring within each of 6 strata was generated. Of 38 km included in the sample, more than 14 km 2 were evaluated, with coverage by stratum varying from 32% to 47%, or 40% on the average. For our efforts we realized an addition of 62 sites to the 13 which had previously been known to occur in this portion of the valley (Cremin 1978b; Cremin, Hoxie and Weston 1978).
This year the Kalamazoo Basin Survey moved upstream into the middle valley almost to the Allegan-Barry-Kalamazoo county lines, where multiple transects were established for investigation simultaneously by 2 teams of surveyors (Figure 1). As in past years, this research was carried out in conjunction with the WMU archaeological field school, and for the second year we received grant support for survey from the Michigan History Division. There now follows a report of the activities of the 1978 Kalamazoo Basin Survey, together with a brief description of the project area.aod the 157 archaeological sites which were recorded during the 6 week field project·.