Document Type




Publication Date

Summer 2022


Data compiled in the Department of Spanish showed that Black students at Western begin Spanish education at high rates but are less likely to advance to upper-level courses and more likely to obtain lower final grades than other groups. Assuming that part of this issue derives from current materials that do not represent Black students, the goal of this mini grant is to develop Spanish learning materials that are more inclusive and representative of the Black experience in Hispanic communities. The materials are expected to be a contribution to improving retention and academic achievement of Black students in the Spanish program.


Dr. Germán Zárate-Sández, Associate Professor, Director of Introductory Language, and Interim Director of the Quito Study Abroad Program in the Department of Spanish, was a recipient of one of the 2022 WMU Assessment Mini Grants, awarded to conduct research on assessment of student learning outcomes. Attached is the final report for his research project.