Date of Award


Degree Type

Capstone Project

Degree Name

Master of Music (MM)



First Advisor

Dr. Edward A. Roth

Second Advisor

Dr. Jennifer M. Fiore


Clinical improvisation is frequently used in music therapy sessions, as a nonthreatening means to facilitate free expression and address various non-musical goals. Among the existing research on the effectiveness of clinical improvisation in children and adolescents, there was lacking a specific implementation process. This scoping review identified 5 articles on the Western Michigan University library search engine, investigating the use of clinical improvisation with children and adolescents. The studies were summarized to include participant characteristics, improvisation intervention/ methods, themes, and outcomes. The quality of intervention reporting in each article was assessed using the music-based intervention reporting criteria and listed each specified criterion in a table (Robb et al., 2011). Results indicate that clinical improvisation positively affects the well-being of children and adolescents across different cultural backgrounds. A new intervention reporting scale should be tailored for clinical improvisation interventions.

Included in

Music Therapy Commons