Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Counselor Education and Counseling Psychology


The continued lack of success for African American males attending predominantly White colleges and universities is alarming and unsettling. Other racial minority groups are making positive gains relative to their post-secondary educational experiences. However, the African American male lags behind in virtually every index of success in higher education. This trend could produce serious social, economic and cultural implications for the African American community and the entire country.

For African Americans, a strong sense of culture is important to their ability to achieve high levels of mental and psychological functioning, particularly in environments they perceive to be hostile or unwelcoming. In general, African Americans with a strong sense of culture exhibit higher levels of self-affirmation and are generally healthier individuals. The acquisition of a college education is an important element for achieving an economically viable form ofemployment, and consequently, a higher standard of life in America. For those fortunate enough to obtain a college degree, the benefits far outweigh the costs associated with completing the rigors of postsecondary education.

This study examined the relationship between African self-consciousness and cultural congruence, which was used to predict the academic performance andpersistence of African American males attending a predominantly White university in the Midwest. Based on the results of the study, recommendations for student development programming, direction of future research, and curricula changes are provided.

Access Setting

Dissertation-Open Access