Date of Award
Doctor of Education
Counselor Education and Counseling Psychology
Dr. John Geisler
This study explored the effect of both gender and three different panel discussion formats on the positive modification of attitudes toward same gender sexual behavior. Subjects were randomly assigned to either a control group or one of three treatment groups: (1) a live panel discussion, (2) a videotape of the live panel discussion with a facilitator, or (3) a videotape of the live panel discussion without a facilitator.
Attitudes toward same gender sexual behavior were measured by pre- and posttests of the Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men Scale (ATLG) developed by Gregory Herek. Subjects in this study were 86 graduate students enrolled in counseling and/or psychology related programs at Western Michigan University and the University of North Carolina-Charlotte. Subjects were placed in the appropriate cells of a 2 X 4 factorial design and the data were analyzed using a Welch approximate t procedure. It was hypothesized that there would be no significant difference (p<.05) between subjects viewing the live panel discussion and the subjects viewing either the videotape of the panel discussion with a facilitator, or the videotape of the panel discussion without a facilitator.
All null hypotheses were accepted except two. As hypothesized, there was no significant difference between subjects exposed to the live panel discussion and subjects viewing the videotape with a facilitator (p=.095) on attitudes toward same gender sexual behavior. There was a significant difference between subjects viewing the live panel discussion and subjects viewing the videotape without a facilitator (p=.008) on attitudes toward same gender sexual behavior. There was also a significant difference between the live panel discussion and the control group (p=.006).
It was concluded that there was no significant statistical difference between a videotape of a live panel discussion with a facilitator and a control group. However, contrary to previous research, this study found no significant difference between gender.
Dorman, H. Dean, "A Comparison of Gay and Lesbian Sensitivity Trainings On Student Counselors’ Attitudes Toward Same Gender Sexual Behavior" (1996). Dissertations. 1690.