Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Education


Educational Leadership

First Advisor

Dr. Patrick M. Jenlink

Second Advisor

Dr. David Cowden

Third Advisor

Dr. Ronald Crowell

Fourth Advisor

Dr. UIdis Smidchens


The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not those students who had participated in a developmental kindergarten program. Young Fives, had attained academic parity with their age mates who had not participated in the program.

The target population of this study was 245 students who were kindergarten age in 1988 and attended school in a rural school district in southwestern Michigan. The accessible population was 141 of the original 245 students.

The total battery grade equivalent test scores achieved on the California Achievement Test by the 141 students were analyzed using an analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Tukey post hoc analysis.

The findings of this study indicated that academic parity had not been achieved by those students who had participated in the Young Fives program.

Although insufficient data were uncovered to warrant a discontinuance of the program, it was recommended that serious consideration be given to in-depth research of all facets of the developmental approach.

Access Setting

Dissertation-Open Access