State of the Art in The Knowledge of Current and Future Energy Production Systems in The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Industrial and Entrepreneurial Engineering and Engineering Management

First Advisor

Dr. Azim Houshyar

Second Advisor

Dr. Bob White

Third Advisor

Dr. Steven Butt

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Johnson Asumadu


Sustainability, environmental impact, energy, life-cycle cost (LCC), Saudi Arabia, LCOE


This study is to examine the state of both current and future electricity generation systems in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The Kingdom’s electricity demand is increasing at 8% annually due to population growth and water desalination needs; hence, electricity production systems have to achieve this demand. Present energy generation plants in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) are fossil fuels dependent with about 70 steam turbines, over 400 gas turbines, nine diesel generators, and 70 combined cycle power plants. Future electricity generation systems are leaning towards environmentally friendly, with fewer health risks, sustainable performance, safety, and the ability to meet the rapidly increasing demand. This study discusses the various existing power plant technologies, capital, operational costs, and potential regions of installations, and the environmental and health hazards associated with the existing electricity generation systems. These are then compared to the possible future energy production systems that can meet the current and future demand in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) sustainably.

Access Setting

Dissertation-Abstract Only

Restricted to Campus until


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