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Electrical and Computer Engineering


Laparoscopic surgery, also referred to as minimally invasive surgery, describes the performance of surgical procedures with the assistance of a video camera and several thin surgical instruments. During the surgical procedure, small incisions of up to half an inch are made and plastic tubes called ports are placed through these incisions. The camera and the surgical instruments are then introduced through the ports which allow access to the inside of the patient. The video camera becomes a surgeon's eyes. Excellent eye-hand coordination capabilities are crucial to carry out laparoscopic surgery procedures. Gaining basic laparoscopic skills such as transferring an object, cutting, and clipping are essential tasks and can be achieved with the use of a very basic low-fidelity laparoscopic setup, such as a surgical box-trainer.

There is an ongoing research collaboration between the faculty of the Department of Surgery and the ECE Department for over three years that has led to the development of two, intelligent box-trainer devices enhanced by sensors and HD digital video cameras along with a fuzzy logic-based performance assessment system. Two of these devices have been installed in the Surgery Simulations Laboratory, in WMed, and are being used by surgery residents for laparoscopic surgery skill training.