Formal and Informal Payments (Bribes and Gifts) in the Medical Care Sector in Russia
Dr. Mark Wheeler
Corruption in the medical care sector in Russia is a widespread phenomenon, which imposes additional costs to all operating agents. I consider the supply side of this market and four types of medical care expenditures that a person has while undergoing health care service: official payment, unofficial payment (monetary bribe), gift (non-monetary unofficial payment) and the cost of voluntary medical insurance. I use 2011 Russian household level data to analyze the relationship between the size of a household’s overall health care expenditures and income level at its different quantiles.
WMU ScholarWorks Citation
Polovinka, Alexandra, "Formal and Informal Payments (Bribes and Gifts) in the Medical Care Sector in Russia" (2015). Research and Creative Activities Poster Day. 167.