The export of Carolingian arms and armor to Northern regions outside the Frankish Empire from the 9th and early 10th century is a subject which has seen a gradual increase of interest among archaeologists and historians alike. Recent research has shown that the Vikings of this period bore Frankish arms, particularly swords, received either through trade or by spolia that is plunder.1 In the examination of material remains, illustrations, and capitularies, the reason why Carolingian arms and armor were prized amongst the Viking nations can be ascertained and evidence found as to how the Vikings came to possess such valued items.
Hampton, Valerie Dawn
"Viking Age Arms and Armor Originating in the Frankish Kingdom,"
The Hilltop Review: Vol. 4
, Article 8.
Available at: https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/hilltopreview/vol4/iss2/8