Date of Defense




First Advisor

Dr. Linda A. LeBlanc

Second Advisor

Dr. Jim Carr

Third Advisor

Dawn Krider


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive behavioral toilet training procedure for children with autism. The treatment package included differential positive reinforcement of urinary continence, a graduated sitting schedule, communication training, a urine alarm, increased fluid intake and positive practice. The intervention included a full day of intensive behavioral intervention and parent training in an out-clinic setting followed by two intensive days in the home conducted by the parents with support and assistance from the research team. The procedures were then administered daily in both the child's home and school by the child's primary caregivers and teachers. Data were collected on three participants (ages 4.1, 4.6, 4.9 years) using a non-concurrent multiple baseline design across participants. Each child's toileting skills vastly increased, with all three participants achieving at or near 100 percent success during follow-up.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Campus Only