Date of Defense




First Advisor

Dr. Katherine Joslin

Second Advisor

Dr. Chris Nagle

Third Advisor

Dr. Mark Orbe


The Jungle sparked a social movement that led to The Pure Food and Drug Act, earned Upton Sinclair a comparison to the muckrake men in Pilgrim's Progress from President Theodore Roosevelt and remains a well read book included in educational curricula across the United States. The Goose-Step is mentioned on few timelines of American education history, had little effect on society, and is generally unheard of by contemporary readers. Sinclair was able to effect social change by creating harmony between Romanticism and Naturalism in a piece of historical fiction, The Jungle, in The Goose-Step, a later attempt to reproduce this expansive change, he is unsuccessful because he was lacking the key ingredients, namely characters, plot and audience, that are necessary for creating change. There are several factors that contribute to Sinclair's inability to ignite social change a second time, including fanaticism, a missing hero, and deficiency of solutions in The Goose-Step. The story of the evolution of each book offers insight into why they differ.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Campus Only