Date of Defense
Susan Olson, Nursing
John Austin, Psychology
Daryle Gardner-Bonneau, Psychology
Health care workers as a group frequently suffer from low back disorders. Fuortes, Shi, Zhang, Zwerling, and Schootman (1994) found that nurses in a large university hospital demonstrated a back injury incidence rate second only to employees of a physical plant. Nurses' aides demonstrated a back injury incidence rate of almost three times the nurses, and 1.3 times that of the physical plant employees. Patient handling tasks have been found to create forces as high as 4500 to 6800 Newtons (N) on the spinal column (Marras, 2000). Yet, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has established a safety limit of just 3400 N. The lifting tasks that air ambulance crews perform may violate established standards for safe lifting activities. No standards currently exist that relate to the specialized nature of lifting tasks routinely performed by air ambulance crews. Discusses the causes of back injury for air ambulance crews, includes a survey of air ambulance workers, and concludes that ambulance crew discomfort deserves attention.
Krawczyk, Angela Susan, "Where Does it Hurt? An Analysis of Musculoskeletal Discomfort Related to Lifting Tasks in Air Ambulance Crew" (2001). Honors Theses. 108.
Honors Thesis-Campus Only