Date of Defense




First Advisor

Dr. Mary Ann Stark

Second Advisor

Dr. George Haus

Third Advisor

Dr. Karen Morin


The founder of modern nursing, Florence Nightingale, emphasized the value of natural elements as part of optimal healing environments (Swanson & Wojnar, 2004). It is important for nurses to understand the power of nature as a restorative intervention. Many physical, emotional, and psychological benefits of active and passive interactions with gardens have been proposed. These include: environmental stimulation, psychological well-being and comfort, privacy for self and family, increased exposure to sunlight, a useful productive feeling, a place of beauty, a place for visitors to go, a safe environment for wandering, familiarity, a place for relaxed social interaction, motivators for physical exercise, and a place for an effective individual or group activity (Pachana, McWha, & Arathoon, 2003).

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Campus Only