Date of Defense




First Advisor

Jody Brylinsky

Second Advisor

Amy Elsesser

Third Advisor

Kathleen Wong


Eighty Western Michigan University student athletes completed the Sport Imagery Questionnaire (SIQ), to see if there is a difference in the type of imagery individual sports use versus team sports. It was hypothesized that individual sports use more cognitive imagery, and team sports use more motivational imagery. The hypothesis was incorrect. Findings show that sports use all five subscales of imagery close to the same amount, having a slight emphasis on motivational imagery. Team sports did use motivational imagery more than individual sports, but team sports were shown to use more imagery in general than individual sports. The findings are both consistent and inconsistent with past research on the same topic.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Campus Only