Date of Defense



Gender and Women's Studies

First Advisor

Dr. Lindsey Wilhite

Second Advisor

Dr. Joyce

Third Advisor

Dr. Thomas Sill


The Wall Street Journal introduced the moniker "glass ceiling" to the American public in 1987 (Castro, 1997). The glass ceiling was described as the effect where people, more predominantly women, advance in an organization to a certain point at which they seem unable to advance any further. They are confined, held back by an invisible metaphorical ceiling. Women can see the top but they cannot reach it. Women strive to reach the top of their organization but few are able to excel because of the glass ceiling. The glass ceiling is not a new phenomenon. This has been occurring throughout the pages of history in one form or another. Women have been fighting for equality for centuries. Only relatively recently in the United States have women been granted their much deserved rights. For example, only eighty years ago women were granted the right to vote in the United States. This historical event just reemphasizes the recency of advances made toward the equality of women.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Campus Only