Date of Defense




First Advisor

Dr. James Butterfield

Second Advisor

Dr. John Martell Jr.

Third Advisor

Dr. Suhashni Datta-Sandhu


At one time, people lived in relative harmony with their natural surroundings; they used only what they needed and left behind little evidence of any by-products. As evolution progressed, the population and the need for technology grew along with the desire for more luxury. Finally at the turn of the 19th century, the industrial age was born. Factories were built automobiles soon ran the road, and big public housing complexes were constructed. Merchandise was cheaper, the economy was moving, and the standard of living was improving . Not much thought was given to the effects this new way of life would have on the future environment.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Campus Only