Date of Defense





For the first ninety years after the Emancipation Proclamation, Negro Americans living in the South made slow progress toward full emancipation because of the resistance of the white-dominated society to change. Segregation laws were en acted and enforced, discrimination against Negroes was common place, and racism was a dominant force in society. In the North there was far less de jure segregation. Discrimination in educational, occupational, and housing opportunities was prevalent. Racism more subtle and covert than in the South was embedded in the Northern way of life.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Campus Only