Date of Defense




First Advisor

Dr. Lisa Derry

Second Advisor

Dr. David Sheldon

Third Advisor

Duane Davis


In comparison to other musical genres, group vocal jazz is a relatively young field. The oldest groups, for example, the Four Freshman, the Hi-Lo's, and the Mills Brothers, emerged in the middle 1950's. Consequently, the number of articles, papers, and books written about vocal jazz is both scarce and general in nature. Analysis of vocal jazz literature is limited by the very nature of a tradition which is reliant upon oral history and discussion; consequently, most of the history of vocal jazz has been passed by word of mouth and liner notes on record jackets. Little academic discussion has focused on group vocal jazz, and there isn't any sort of introduction for those with little knowledge and much curiosity.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Campus Only