Date of Defense




First Advisor

Brian Wilson

Second Advisor

Carolyn Houtaling

Third Advisor

Delores Gauthier


For a number of years, differences have existed in the training of music therapists. In some countries, music therapists are trained first and foremost as musicians, and secondly as therapists. Other countries allow music therapy to be practiced by music psychologists, physicians, or educators. Both sides employ varying arguments. Bunt (1988) feels that therapists are either experienced musicians with minimal training in developmental, therapeutic skills, or experienced clinicians lacking in many areas of musical expertise. Bunt further delineates between the two schools of thought by describing how one music therapist may use improvisation to interact with a client and his thoughts, while another music therapist may use pre-composed music, either live or recorded to stimulate discussion.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Open Access

Included in

Music Commons