Date of Defense


Date of Graduation



Political Science

First Advisor

Gunther Hega

Second Advisor

Mariola Perez de la Cruz

Third Advisor

Karl Hokenmaier


The peaceful transition from authoritarianism under Francisco Franco to a democratic constitutional monarchy after Franco’s death stands as a critical juncture in modern Spanish history because of the uniqueness of the historical event. The transition occurred without direct foreign intervention to manipulate Spanish politicians into passing democratic legislation; instead, the transition was initiated by Francoist leaders who willingly enacted the regime’s change which undermined their initial place in society. The Spanish transition was caused by three main factors: societal opposition to the Francoist regime, democratic international influence, and progressive leaders taking office after Franco’s death. This paper will explore the causes of democratic change in Spain and how each individually impacted the transition to democracy.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Open Access

Thesis Defense Presentation_ Emma Haiser.pdf (492 kB)
Defense Presentation