Date of Defense


Date of Graduation



Biological Sciences

First Advisor

Jing Shen

Second Advisor

Mary Peterson

Third Advisor

Jamie Rix


To achieve a better educational outcome with Deaf and Hard of Hearing (DHH) children, research has provided information about the effectiveness of instructions to improve DHH children’s literacy and language ability. In Malaysia, there are two sign languages commonly used for teaching, which are Bahasa Isyarat Malaysia (BIM), the official language of the deaf community and Kod Tangan Bahasa Melayu (KTBM), a formalized sign language and the code used by teachers to construct sentences using formal Malay language, which is supported by the Malaysian government to use in the school curriculum. The use of BIM as a supported language in the classroom are thought to be helpful for the DHH students to understand the materials in the classroom because BIM is used in everyday communication and will be easier for the DHH students to understand as a delivery method in classroom setting. The purpose of this research is to identify the impact of the use of the BIM as a support language for the DHH in the classroom. The study compared two groups, Group A (KTBM) and Group B (KTBM and BIM) with DHH students at primary level (aged 7-12) in Malaysia sampled from schools teaching only using KTBM and using both KTBM and BIM. The dependent variable was performance on Bahasa Malaysia examination achievement of the DHH students. While more evidence from longitudinal research is needed, the preliminary finding supports the implementation of BIM as a support language in school education.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Restricted

Restricted to Campus until