Date of Defense


Date of Graduation



Biological Sciences

First Advisor

Ben Atchison

Second Advisor

Reddog Sina


Mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) are a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) usually sustained from an injury to the head and are hard to diagnose due to the lack of physical evidence seen in diagnostic radiology. The estimated worldwide rate of incidence each year is 42 million, making mTBIs rather common. In the US armed forces, that rate of incidence is even higher due to the dangerous nature of the work being done. Many complications can come from not properly addressing an mTBI after it happens which makes being able to determine an appropriate return-to-play or return-to-duty time very important for the long-term health of the injured people. Because of this, accurate diagnostic tools and clear prognostic rules are needed for medical professionals to be able to provide necessary care. This literature review thoroughly examines the existing literature on the current state of twenty-first century research regarding the incidence, prevalence, diagnosis and prognosis of mTBIs in both civilian and military populations. The review clearly outlines the areas that are still in need of improvement in order to best treat mTBIs moving forward.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Open Access

Thesis Presentation (2).pdf (205 kB)
Defense Presentation