Date of Defense


Date of Graduation



Biological Sciences

First Advisor

John Spitsbergen

Second Advisor

James Springstead


The following literature review regards the preventative care of cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients with the knowledge of familial cardiac events and personal cardiac risk factors, particularly in younger populations ranging from ages 18 to 39, and develop potential preventative care measures. CVD is preventable with early reduction of risk factors. People can lower the impact of cardiac risk factors through the modification of their current lifestyle and behavioral habits. However, this is limited to the education and motivation of the person. Primary emphasis must be placed on community education and physician-patient interactions regarding CVD and cardiac risk factors. Physicians need to shift focus towards the behavioral changes of their patients and proper counseling. Concerning current studies, more information on physician-patient interaction needs to be discussed. More efficient forms of communication need to be created to relay pertinent information to the public concerning CVD and its prevention. The literature can be condensed into accessible and readable brochures or programs to mitigate the lack of awareness of CVD in populations. Overall, the current health system and education on preventative care for CVD and its risk factors is inadequate and requires remodeling.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Open Access

Honors Thesis Defense Presentation.pdf (1488 kB)
Defense Presentation