Anthony Giddens' structuration theory provides concepts that can be used to think differently about oppression and consciousness raising. Structuration sees society as being recursively created through its members' social practices, and oppression as being but one of these social practices. Consciousness raising, then, is recognizing that a given social practice is oppressive, and then deliberately working to change the practice. This is done by altering one's social performance and disrupting the recursive process that maintains the oppressive practice. Implications follow for empowerment-oriented social work practice and narrowing the gap between clinical and community social work practice.
"Structuration Theory and Critical Consciousness: Potential Applications for Social Work Practice,"
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare: Vol. 36
, Article 7.
Available at: https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/jssw/vol36/iss1/7