Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Science


Occupational Therapy

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


A role for occupational therapists is to help substance abuse clients achieve a healthy balance across occupational performance areas, including leisure. The literature suggests that alcoholics have deficits in leisure, but cocaine addicts have not yet been studied systematically in terms of leisure. This study compared twenty alcoholics from two Midwestern in-patient treatments centers to fourteen unmatched cocaine addicts at the same centers in terms of their leisure satisfaction. Then, nine male subjects from each group were matched in terms of age and family status, and t-test comparisons were made once again. The Leisure Satisfaction Scale was used as a measure of the extent to which six different types of personal needs are met or satisfied through leisure activities: psychological, educational, social, relaxational, physiological, and aesthetic. This study found no significant differences between the two groups in terms of leisure satisfaction.