Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences

First Advisor

Dr. Nickola W. Nelson

Second Advisor

Dr. Michael Clark

Third Advisor

Dr. Harold Bate

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


This study was designed to determine whether students with hearing impairments could be taught to write more mature personal narrative stories. An experimental group of junior high students received intervention focused on teaching the elements of story grammar and their application to the students' written narrative stories. A matched control group of students spent equal time with the researcher and received intervention focused on improvement of basic language skills. Pretest, posttest-1, posttest-2, and generalization samples were taken. Students' metatextual skills for telling how to write a story were also probed.

A significant difference was found between the experimental and control groups in the "improvement" scores from pretest to posttest-2. The scores earned by the subjects were significantly lower on the generalization probe sampling than they were on the posttest-2. More experimental group members displayed metatextual abilities than did control group members, and those who did tended to write more mature stories.