Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Human Performance and Health Education

First Advisor

Dr. Roger Zabik

Second Advisor

Dr. Harold Ray

Third Advisor

Dr. Mary Dawson

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The problem of the study was to investigate motor patterns of children performing forward and backward horizontal jumps from a two foot takeoff. The investigation of motor patterns involved a biomechanical analysis of kinematic parameters associated with the forward and backward jumps, as well as those associated with stages of development.

The study revealed that arm and leg development occurred independently of each other and the development did not adhere to age. At ages 2 and 3 years, females traveled a greater horizontal distance, but at ages 5 to 6 years and 8 to 9 years, males traveled the greater horizontal distance for both the forward and backward jumps. Subjects were found to be at a more advanced stage of development performing the forward horizontal jump compared to performing the backward horizontal jump. The study also provides performance characteristics of children at various stages of development.