Music Improvisation as Treatment for Adolescents with Anxiety: An Integrative Review

Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Music



First Advisor

Edward A, Roth, M.M.

Second Advisor

Dr. Jennifer Fiore

Third Advisor

Dr. Michele McGrady


Music improvisation, music therapy, anxiety, adolescent, integrative review

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The rise of holistic treatment for anxiety has been documented in a small but growing body of evidence in recent decades. However, music improvisation as a music therapy intervention designed to address anxiety has been less documented, and there appears to be no record of a systematic or integrative review which investigates what current literature reports about music improvisation as a primary treatment approach for adolescents with anxiety. Therefore, this systematic integrative review aimed to (a) uncover current literature demonstrating music improvisation as it is used in treatment for adolescents with anxiety; (b) identify the efficacy of using music improvisation to improve anxiety symptoms in the identified population, as presented in current literature; (c) determine the strength of the evidence in the studies; and, (d) define the potential implications and considerations for clinical use of music improvisation to treat anxiety.

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